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Questions 1–2 are based on the following passage.
Are you looking for a way to give back to your community, but don’t know where to start? One of the best ways you can invest in the future of your community is by helping to better educate our youngsters. Schools are under-funded, and even talented teachers are beset with the growing pressure of helping students without enough resources. With our group-funding program, you can go online and look through thousands of teacher programs that are looking for funding. These programs were designed by teachers who know what they need to help their students succeed. Very rarely do you get the chance to donate money and know exactly where your money is going. Donate today and help change the lives of a classroom of students in your community.
Which of the following is a unique benefit of this group-funding program?
Based on the context, which of the following is the meaning of the word “beset” in the passage?
Questions 3–4 are based on the following passage.
I think it’s time for us to open a new location. We’ve been talking about doing it forever and I’m afraid that if we don’t do it now, we’ll never do it. I know it’s a risky move, but the only way our business is going to grow is if we take calculated risks. Business has never been better, and our focus group data shows that people in Springdale would love to have one of our stores in their mall. If we do this right, we can be twice as profitable as we are now in three years. Let me know what you think.
PS: We can even announce the expansion after that Channel 4 puff piece airs to take advantage of the attention we’ll be getting!
Based on the tone of the memo above, which of the following best describes Sonja and Gabriela’s relationship?
Which of the following best captures the author’s purpose?
Questions 5–7 are based on the following passage.
Many teachers across the country are noticing the importance of film in the modern classroom. No longer is putting a movie on meant as an invitation for students to check out while the teacher does work at their desk. Films are a versatile medium, and can function as textbooks, pieces of literature, or pieces of art that can bring a new dimension to a student’s learning. The teachers leading this charge know that teaching a film effectively means preparing lessons with the same amount of time and effort as any other days. A teacher could simply shut the lights and throw on the first 20 minutes of Steven Spielberg’s “Saving Private Ryan” because the class is studying World War II. Or, the teacher could spend a class period analyzing the scene with the class, looking at how Spielberg builds anxiety and tension, how he creates the chaos of the beach, and how he gets the audience to care for characters they haven’t even met yet.
Which of the following is the author’s overall conclusion concerning teachers using film in the classroom?
Which of the following sentences would be a supporting detail to explain how “Saving Private Ryan” could be used in the classroom?
Based on the context, which of the following is the best meaning of the word versatile used in the passage?
Questions 8–9 are based on the following pie chart.
Which department had the most students for their summer courses in 2017?
Which of the following conclusions is supported by the data in the graph above?
Questions 10–14 are based on the following passage.
Mahatma Ghandi was an inspirational leader who made a lot of sacrifices for the people of India. In 1921, Gandhi took charge of the Indian National Congress, a group of thirteen men in the Indian government who fought discrimination and unfair taxation against farmers and urban laborers. Using the nonviolent tactic of civil disobedience, Gandhi and his followers bravely resisted British control over Indian life, choosing not to follow unfair, discriminatory laws and policies. The British were not happy to see Ghandi and his followers rebelling in this way.
The British responded to this resistance by strengthening their military presence in India, often at the cost of human lives. While Ghandi was fighting to gain more freedom for the people of India, the British government was, often violently, suppressing it. For his effort, Gandhi was eventually imprisoned in 1942 for his “radical” beliefs, but he refused to recognize violence as a means of fighting the British. He gained international attention for his hunger strikes, refusing to eat until the British changed their unjust policies.
Which of the following best describes the author’s portrayal of Gandhi?
Which of the following is a logical conclusion based on the passage?
Which of the following words from the passage BEST displays the author’s opinion towards the British rulers that Ghandi was rebelling against?
What is the author’s primary argument in the passage?
Which of the following is an opinion stated in the passage?
Questions 15–16 are based on the following passage.
When scientists do experiments, they need to follow what is called the scientific method. The scientific method is a structure for experimentation that ensures valid data. In using the scientific method, experimenters must first state the purpose. What is the problem or the question that they are exploring? In order to make sure the experiment is worth the time, they should then do research to see if anyone has already collected valid data on the subject. Experimenters can then use that data, and their prior knowledge, to propose a hypothesis, or a prediction of what is going to happen. Once the parameters and expectations are clearly stated, experimenters simply have to carry out the experiment, collect the data, and draw conclusions. If experimenters don’t follow this method, they risk corrupting their data and drawing inaccurate conclusions.
Which of the following best describes the structure of this text?
Which of the following statements best describes the author’s point of view?
Read and follow the directions below:
Walk one block west.
Walk three blocks north.
Walk two blocks east.
Where is your destination compared to your original location?
An individual reading a book about the first emperor of China wants to find the first reference in the book to the Terracotta Army. Where should he or she look?
Questions 19–20 are based on the following passage.
Congratulations on being named Employee of the Year for 2018. We appreciate all of your hard work and how dedicated you have been to our company. When the committee convened to discuss the potential award recipients, you became a clear frontrunner because of your long hours and the 11% growth in global sales that your team achieved in a slowing economy. As you know, this award comes with a new parking spot, a $5,000 bonus, and a plaque displayed near our office entrance. Please see Su Yun at your earliest convenience for your official photo.
Thank you for everything you do,
Fahmida Bukhari, Director of Human Resources
Systematic Alliance Reserve, Inc.
Which of the following statements from the passage is a fact?
Which of the following statements best describes the author’s point of view?
Questions 21–23 are based on the following passage.
A spacesuit consists of several pieces. The Hard Upper Torso covers the astronaut’s chest. The arm assembly covers the arms and connects to the gloves. The helmet and Extravehicular Visor Assembly are designed to protect the astronaut’s head while still allowing him or her to see as much as possible.
The Lower Torso Assembly covers the astronaut’s legs and feet. The flexible parts of the suit are made from several layers of material. The layers perform different functions, from keeping oxygen within the spacesuit to protecting from space dust.
Underneath the spacesuit, astronauts wear a Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment. Tubes are woven into this tight-fitting piece of clothing that covers the entire body except for the head, hands and feet. Water flows through these tubes to keep the astronaut cool during spacewalks.
On the back of the spacesuit is a backpack called the Primary Life Support Subsystem. This backpack contains the oxygen that astronauts breathe during spacewalks. It also removes carbon dioxide that astronauts exhale. The backpack also provides electricity for the suit. A fan moves the oxygen through the spacesuit and life support systems, and a water tank holds the cooling water that flows through the Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment.
Which paragraph explains how spacesuits prevent overheating during a spacewalk?
Which part of an astronaut’s suit helps astronauts breathe properly?
Which of these sentences represents a summary sentence for the passage?
Use the information below to answer the question that follows.
Eric is older than Ross
Erin is older than Rosanna
Rosanna is younger than Eric
Based on the information above, which of the following is a possible arrangement listed from oldest to youngest?
Which three income groups pay a combined payroll tax rate of more than 29%?
Read and follow the directions below.
Start with a full deck of cards.
Remove all four jacks and four kings.
Add back in the red jacks.
Remove the eights.
Remove half the remaining cards at random.
Which of the following tells the number of cards now in the deck?
Questions 27–28 are based on the following table.
Trevor has very fair skin and is planning to take a trip from his home in London to Miami. At minimum, by how much should be increase the SPF in his sunscreen?
Which of the following is true based on the table?
Questions 29–30 are based on the following passage.
A blood glucose test, or fasting PG test, is given after a patient has gone without food for at least eight hours. It’s widely considered to be a reliable test, and it appears the results aren’t affected by patient age or physical activity. Many doctors prefer this method of testing because it’s easy, fast and inexpensive.
In this context, reliable means
A fasting PG test is most likely used to
Questions 31–35 are based on the following passage.
Compared to most of our country’s other Founding Fathers, Thomas Paine is essentially unknown. In fact, there are many Americans who have never even heard of him. Paine was born in 1737, the son of a corsetier—a tailor specializing in corsets and other undergarments—and grew up in rural Thetford, England. As a young man, Paine worked as a corsetier, sailor, and minister, but found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.
Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine and, as political turmoil engulfed the colonies, he became more prominent. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense that argued forcefully for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the war began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. These, in the midst of a bloody war, helped keep up the morale of the troops. Thomas Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
Thomas Paine was an extremely talented writer; Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his work when drafting the Declaration of Independence. Later in life, Paine wrote other, highly controversial works. He was even exiled from England and imprisoned in France for his writings. In 1796, Paine did his part to inspire what would become Social Security. He suggested a system of social insurance for the young and the elderly in his last great work, Agrarian Justice.
Which of the following is a logical conclusion based on the first paragraph of the passage?
What inference can be drawn from the second paragraph of the passage regarding Thomas Paine’s Common Sense?
What is the author’s primary argument in the passage?
The reader can infer that this passage was taken from which of the following?
Which of the following is an inference that readers can make from the final sentences of the third paragraph?
Questions 36–37 are based on the following passage.
At only five years old, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had already written five musical compositions. What are you waiting for? If you want to accomplish something in your life, the best day to start working towards it is yesterday. The universe only rewards people who are willing to take risks. Mozart was 5 when he was already on his way to being a legend; what’s holding you back?
Which of the following best supports the argument in this paragraph?
Which of the following additional sentences would work best at the end of this passage if it were an advertisement for a school or college?
Questions 38–40 are based on the following chart.
What type of material has been the most recycled?
In what year did the recycling of plastic get close to 10%?
Which of the following conclusions can be made with certainty about the chart?
Based on the blood pressure monitor above, what is this patient’s pulse rate?
A customer eating one of these prepared biscuits should probably limit which type of intake for the rest of the day?
Question 43 is based on the following passage.
For some, the poverty and deprivations of youth must be credited with the grandest achievements of adulthood. The poet Robert Burns and his brother were expected to do the work of men at the age of thirteen. He had some schooling before then, and must have improved during this time, for he could read and spell well, and had some knowledge of English grammar.
Which of the following would provide the best support for the claim made in the first line of the passage?
What is the maximum weight this scale will measure?
Question 45 is based on the following passage.
Since rejoining UNESCO, one of our top priorities has been promoting literacy, with a particular focus on girls and women. To that end, quality providers of informal education have played and will continue to play a key role in decreasing the global adult illiteracy rate. We know that informal education can be more flexible and help reach adults who have long ago dropped out of the formal school system or who were systematically denied access to school. As the largest government donor to UNICEF, the United States is supporting efforts to support safe schools, and quality education for each and every girl and boy.
Which of the following is not something with which the author of the above statements would likely agree?
Questions 46–50 are based on the following passages.
Jonathan Swift’s dark view of humanity is expressed in his novel Gulliver’s Travels (1726). Swift believed that society, which is meant to protect people from inequality and injustice, actually encourages the worst evils, promotes immorality, and allows injustices to occur. In Gulliver’s Travels, Swift asks whether “civilization” is only an elaborate cover for the lowest forms of human behavior.
Swift raises this question through satire, a literary form which he brings to perfection in Gulliver’s Travels. Following in the great tradition of classical satirists, Swift uses his novel to point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him. In one section of Gulliver’s Travels, for example, Gulliver describes his native England to the king of a land of giants. Gulliver talks enthusiastically to the giant king about the class system, laws, constitution, military glory, and history of his homeland. After carefully listening to Gulliver’s speech, however, the king proceeds to point out the many shortcomings of Gulliver’s native land. Gulliver is unable to come up with adequate responses to the criticism. He can only stand there in embarrassed silence as the king eventually concludes that the institutions of the human world should be condemned.
The author uses quotation marks around the word “civilization” in the first paragraph to convey
The primary focus of the writer’s argument in the passage is
The passage implies that the giant king’s opinion of England’s laws and society is
Which of the following is an opinion expressed in the passage?
The author would most likely agree that Swift
“The $100 Bill” is an example of what type of writing?
The $100 Bill
Samantha pedaled quickly, glancing down at her watch as often as her balance would allow. The clock’s face read 10:57, sending a spike of panic shooting up her spine. She bent further over her bike, willing her legs to go faster. She screeched to a stop in front of a large restaurant bearing a bright blue, neon sign, her ears ringing, sweat breaking out on her skin. She hurriedly locked her bike to the lone pole positioned in front of the building, before pushing her way through the heavy glass front doors.
“You’re late.” Samantha stopped short, turning to face her boss. She was greeted with a stern face, her boss’ lips a thin line. She shook her head in apology. “I’m sorry, Paul. My bike’s tires were flat, and I forgot my I.D. badge, so I had to turn back—“ Paul held up his hand, cutting her off. “Just don’t let it happen again.”
Samantha threw her hair into a ponytail, hoping her shift would prove more successful as the day wore on. She nearly ran to her first table of the day, plastered a smile on her face, and greeted her first customers of the day. She responded to their questions politely, though her mind was still occupied by Paul’s disappointed expression as she ran in the door. Despite her initial mistakes, Samantha worked hard to remain chipper and upbeat, answering her customers’ questions to the best of her ability, forcing herself to smile when her eyes began to glaze over with tears.
As her first customers left, she caught the eye of the elderly gentleman with the group. He winked, and walked through the doors. Confused, Samantha began to gather the dishes from the table and there, staring up at her, was a crisp $100 bill. She let a tear roll down her cheek. Her day had just gotten better.
What is the topic of the passage?
What is the purpose of this passage?
Which of these may be inferred from the passage?
What word best describes Samantha and her role in the story?
What is the purpose of the passage?
To whom it may concern,
After a careful review of your submission, we have determined that your piece does not meet the requirements of the literary journal. We thank you for your interest in becoming a part of the journal and encourage you to review the guidelines and try again next year.
We look forward to seeing your work in the future. Good luck!
-Claymont High School Review