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What is the topic of this passage?
Eric and Billy purchased new bikes to use when they went off to college. Given the rising cost of gas, they felt the purchase was justified and reasoned that, living on campus, they would not require cars. Their mother, however, felt that a car should be shared between them, and presented them with a car as a gift. Following this gift, Eric and Billy returned one bike and determined that they could share both a car and a bike, reasoning that some gas savings was better than nothing.
What is the nature of Eric and Billy’s mother’s assertion that a car is necessary?
What type of text structure is used in this passage?
What is a suitable synonym for the word “determined” in the context found in the passage?
Where might this passage be found?
Temika purchased a set of blocks for her young son. In the kit, she found three red triangles, six yellow stars, and five blue circles. Follow the directions below and determine the answer.
Remove two yellow stars and three blue circles.
Replace one star and two circles.
Remove one triangle, and replace the second star.
How many of each color and shape are left?
Despite the band practicing for months, a cacophony of noise greeted the stunned concert-goers.
Based on the sentence above, what is the meaning of the word “cacophony?”
Take the word “Limped.”
Remove the “D” from the end of the word and place it at the beginning.
Next, move the “L” between the “P” and “E.”
Finally, replace the “D” with the letter “S.”
What is the final product?
The sententious woman finally relented, allowing Maria to walk to the pharmaceutical aisle.
What is the meaning of the word sententious?
What is the purpose of this email?
This year, Mom and Dad will be traveling to Hawaii for Christmas. Dylan and I hoped we could still get together at the house for the sake of maintaining tradition for our kids. If you and Susan don’t mind, we’d like to arrive two days before Christmas, as always, and uphold our typical schedules. Because Mom and Dad won’t be here, we’ll need help making Christmas dinner and desserts, and will also need help decorating the house for Christmas. Could you bring lights and ornaments? We will be providing the tree. Finally, we need help transporting all of our presents and decorations this year. Would you mind storing some of our decorations in your car for the drive to Mom and Dad’s?
Let me know!
Based on the email, what is the relationship between Andrew and Sarah?
What is Sarah’s primary goal in having Christmas at her parents’ house?
What word may be used to replace “maintaining” without changing the meaning of the paragraph?
What conclusion can be drawn about the family’s Christmas traditions?
Take a 52-card deck. Note that there are 2 red and 2 black of each type of card in a deck: 2 red threes, 2 black threes, etc.
Remove each red eight and each black ten.
Next, remove all jacks.
Replace a single red eight card.
How many cards are left in the deck?
When looking at a dictionary page, Ellen noticed the words at the top left and top right were “measly” and “melancholy,” respectively. Which of the following words would be located within this page?
Arthur is interested in selling his car and calls the local paper to place his vehicle’s “for sale” article. Which portion of the newspaper should Arthur ask to speak to?
Of these options, which title best fits this passage?
As young children, we are taught to read. From a tender young age, we are read to at bedtime, serenaded by a mother or father’s voice. As time goes on, we learn to read ourselves. In kindergarten, or even before, we come to understand the meaning of words on a page and how they are significant. As children grow up, however, many fail to foster a love of or appreciation for reading, instead labeling it as a school-time activity or a source of stress. Reading comes to be regarded as harrowing or tedious, and for many, it is only engaged in for the purpose of receiving a passing grade. However, those who wish to develop their communication skills may want to take a closer look; reading regularly has been shown to not only improve one’s writing skills, but to also assist in verbal communication and increase understanding of verbal and facial cues. Reading, then, should not be regarded as a chore or an insurmountable obstacle, but as a crucial aspect of learning how to deal with others and how to express oneself.
Given the context of the word, what might “harrowing” mean in sentence 6 of the passage?
What is the author’s purpose in writing this passage?
Based on the heading and the formatting of the list, which of these answers best fits in the sequence?
American Fast Food Restaurants
I. Burger King
IV. Taco Bell
Frustrated by the obsequious behavior of her escort, Tammy tore herself from his lavish compliments and requests to assist her.
Based on the context clues, what does the word “obsequious” mean?
What is the purpose of a footnote?
At the top of a dictionary page are the words “pelican” and “perambulate.” Which of the following words does not belong on this page?
In a work of literature or nonfiction, what is the purpose of an index?
“Travelogue: n. Illustrated lecture or movie of travels”
The excerpt above would most likely be found in which portion of a textbook?
Which of these publications is not an example of fact-based work?
Given the context, what is the meaning of the word “incur?”
When faced with a difficult academic task, many students turn to tutors for assistance. Tutors range widely in specialty and cost, including tutors who focus exclusively on reading, and others who work in broad categories, such as the sciences. When seeking a tutor, however, realize that the use of specialists may incur additional fees or charges. Tutors may be found in a variety of ways, including through local school recommendations and online searches. When selecting a tutor, consider establishing a trial period to ensure personality types mesh well and services deliver what they promise.
According to the paragraph, what is the purpose of engaging in a trial period when hiring a tutor?
According to the paragraph, how can students locate tutors/tutoring services?
Which of these is the best summary sentence for the paragraph?
What writing type is exemplified in the passage?
Melanie, a college student, is looking for a bargain bag. She needs something she can use for school that will last her through the semester. Given her need for a durable, relatively low-cost bag, which of the purses is the best choice for her?
Black Messenger Bag
Purse Size: Large
Purse Cost: $30
Purse Durability: Extremely Durable
Mustard Yellow Cross-Body Purse
Purse Size: Medium
Purse Cost: $14.99
Purse Durability: Medium Durability
Purse Size: Mini
Purse Cost: $65
Purse Durability: Delicate
Michelle is expected to attend a gala with her husband. She needs a place to store her small wallet and the gala tickets. Which of the purses described would best suit Michelle’s needs?
Emily is searching for a bag for her granddaughter. Her granddaughter is bookish in nature, and is notoriously difficult to shop for. Which of the purses might best suit Emily’s granddaughter?
Aralee is visiting Seattle for the first time. She hopes to check out local art and history. What book will serve Aralee’s needs best?
What is the author’s main purpose for writing this letter?
Thank you for submitting your application to New Adventures Recruiting. We are a nationally recognized recruiting agency that assists English-speakers in securing ESL teaching positions in South Korea. We successfully place thousands of teachers in schools all over Korea each year.
We are in the process of reviewing your application and we will contact you within 14 business days if you have successfully moved on to the interview stage of the process. Please do not contact us during this review period.
In the meantime, we always encourage applicants to study the included map of South Korea in order to be prepared for the potential interview. We ask every interviewee to state their top two choices for placement during the interview. Placements are made on a first-come, first-serve basis. However, please be aware that cities north of Andong are in high demand. You will have a better chance of securing your top choice by selecting a location outside of this area.
Once again, thank you for your application and we look forward to reviewing your qualifications.
New Adventures Recruiting”
According to the instructions in the attached letter and the map of South Korea, in which of these cities would an applicant most likely be placed?
Using the graph, choose the answer that best depicts California’s budgetary priorities.
According to the trends shown by the data on the graph, on which of the following items is California most likely to spend the most money in 2017?
According to this 2010 United States Census chart, a variety of types of people earned incomes less than $30,000 per year. What percentage of people who earned below $30,000 in 2010 had no college experience?
According to the chart, which answer describes the type of U.S. citizen most likely to have earned below $30,000 in 2010?
According to the poster about writing a research paper, what should you do after choosing a topic but before creating questions to guide the research?
Based on the poster, when should you create your bibliography for a research paper?
The author of the first passage would most likely agree with which of these stereotypical statements?
“It is obvious that the legal driving age in the United States needs to be adjusted. Although the driving age has been sixteen for many years, studies show that kids of such a young age are not yet capable of understanding the deep responsibility that comes with operating a motor vehicle. Sixteen-year-olds, while old enough to see R-rated movies, are still children in many ways. Psychologists agree that people of this age do not have the cognitive awareness to make major life decisions, yet operating a vehicle on the road forces them to do just that. If the driving age were to be raised to eighteen, there would be far fewer accidents and casualties on the American roadways. People must understand that sixteen-year-old drivers are a danger to themselves and others when allowed to drive unsupervised.”
“The legal driving age in the United States has remained the same for many years for one primary reason: it is fair and reasonable. While young, sixteen-year-olds are certainly old enough to undertake the responsibility of driving alone. Because these teenagers are made to practice for a year with a learner’s permit and then to pass a test proving their skills, there is no reason to suggest that they cannot handle a motor vehicle effectively. Those that assume that sixteen is too young to drive often forget to consider the large number of responsibilities teenagers already handle on a day-to-day basis in today’s world. Things like homework, after-school activities, family responsibilities, and social events all must be carefully maintained in order to make life work. If a sixteen-year-old can handle these daily responsibilities, they can certainly handle driving a car. The legal driving age is fair and should not be negotiated, now or ever.”
Which statement best evaluates the author’s point of view in the second passage?
Which of the following arguments were not made by the author of the second passage?
In what way do the authors’ themes relate to one another in the two passages?
According to the data in the table, which U.S. city had the least amount of car accidents after January of 2015?
Using the definition in the passage and the example in the chart, choose the answer that describes what happens to both parties in the exchange process.
“Marketing is the activity of facilitating exchange of a given commodity for goods, services, and/or money for the purpose of delivering maximum value to the owner of the commodity. From a societal point of view, marketing is the link between a society’s material requirements and its economic patterns of response. Marketing satisfies these needs and wants through exchange processes and building long-term relationships. The exchange process is the act of obtaining a desired object from someone by offering something of value in return. The exchange between the person in need (i.e., someone who offers money or some other personal resource) and the organization selling the product, service, or idea results in a transaction. The top goal of any marketing organization is to facilitate and help increase sales transaction by convincing potential consumers and existing customers to buy their company’s product or service. With the emergence of the Internet and e-commerce during the 1990s, the nature of the marketing exchange for businesses and customers has changed drastically. Today’s consumers have access to far more and far better information. They also have many more choices. Businesses must provide personalized, relevant and high quality content that competes with a fast, ever-changing competitive landscape.”
According to the passage, after reading the newspaper comics, the author would always
“As a young child, I followed the same routine every Saturday morning. First, I would awaken early, before anyone else in my family had gotten up. I wanted to make sure I had the living room all to myself as I ate my cereal and watched cartoons. After my favorite shows were over, I would read the cartoons in Saturday’s local paper, making sure to cut out my favorite ones and tack them to my bulletin board. Next, I would get dressed for the day and head outside. My neighborhood friends and I would grab our bikes and spend the afternoon exploring the park near our houses. By the time we got tired of riding our bikes, it would be time for my family to go out to dinner together. We always went out for a nice meal on Saturday evenings. Finally, after dinner, my whole family would watch a movie together, while eating popcorn and ice cream. Saturdays were always my favorite day of the week!”
Which key word does the author use to signify the last action of the day?
After following the directions in the list, which word comes between dog and stocking?
Read the list of words and follow the directions to rearrange the list.
Put the words that are animals in order of animal size, largest to smallest.
Following the animals, put the words that do not represent living things in alphabetical order based on the last letter of the word.
Put the two animal words containing one syllable first, in reverse-alphabetical order.
Put the non-animal word with one syllable last.
What is the purpose of a thesaurus?
Megan does not eat red meat, instead deriving protein from poultry and seafood. Given her derision for red meat, which of the following dishes would not be an acceptable meal for Megan?
Which of the following would be the best source to begin developing a position about civil rights for an oral debate?
Which three income groups pay a combined payroll tax rate of more than 29%?
The primary purpose of this passage is to
It could be argued that all American war movies take as their governing paradigm that of the Western, and that we, as viewers, don’t think critically enough about this fact. The virtuous hero in the white hat, the evil villain in the black hat, the community threatened by violence; these are the obvious elements of the paradigm. In addition, the hero is highly skilled at warfare, though reluctant to use it, the community is made up of morally upstanding citizens, and there is no place for violence in the community: the hero himself must leave the community he has saved once the battle is complete. This way of seeing the world has soaked into our storytelling of battle and conflict. It’s hard to find a U.S.-made war movie that, for example, presents the enemy as complex and potentially fighting a legitimate cause, or that presents the hero (usually the U.S.) as anything other than supremely morally worthy. It is important to step back and think about the assumptions and frameworks that shape the stories we’re exposed to; if we’re careless and unquestioning, we absorb biases and world views with which we may not agree.
Which statement is not a detail from the passage?
The federal government regulates dietary supplements through the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The regulations for dietary supplements are not the same as those for prescription or overthe-counter drugs. In general, the regulations for dietary supplements are less strict.
To begin with, a manufacturer does not have to prove the safety and effectiveness of a dietary supplement before it is marketed. A manufacturer is permitted to say that a dietary supplement addresses a nutrient deficiency, supports health, or is linked to a particular body function (such as immunity), if there is research to support the claim. Such a claim must be followed by the words “This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.”
Also, manufacturers are expected to follow certain good manufacturing practices (GMPs) to ensure that dietary supplements are processed consistently and meet quality standards. Requirements for GMPs went into effect in 2008 for large manufacturers and are being phased in for small manufacturers through 2010.
Once a dietary supplement is on the market, the FDA monitors safety and product information, such as label claims and package inserts. If it finds a product to be unsafe, it can take action against the manufacturer and/or distributor and may issue a warning or require that the product be removed from the marketplace. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is responsible for regulating product advertising; it requires that all information be truthful and not misleading.
The federal government has taken legal action against a number of dietary supplement promoters or Web sites that promote or sell dietary supplements because they have made false or deceptive statements about their products or because marketed products have proven to be unsafe.
Which of the following menu items fulfills her dietary requirements?
Mirella has recently become an ovo-lacto vegetarian, which means that she does not eat any kind of animal flesh but that she does eat eggs and dairy products. In fact, she prefers to consume either eggs or dairy products at every meal to ensure a good intake of protein. Additionally, Mirella has an allergy to wheat products, so she avoids any kind of bread.
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